The Moon Goddess Almanacs: Panels 16-23

The Moon Goddess Almanacs are a "group of almanacs... dominated by portraits of a female figure now identified as the Moon Goddess, Ix Chel." She was originally thought to merely portray omens of afflictions associated with the moon, but Charles Hofling and Thomas O'Neil have shown that these almanacs are closely related to the Eclipse Table, and themselves depict lunar eclipse cycles. It is even likely that the almanacs were used for predictions of these eclipses! In her many incarnations, the Moon Goddess is always shown seated, sometimes opposite gods, children, or animals. She "is frequently marked by death iconography, suggesting eclipses," such as closed eyes, black spots, and skeletons.

All pages of Moon Goddess almanacs "are uniformly divided into three horizontal sections... These almanacs, like almanacs in other sections of the Codex, usually entail 260-day cycles of the sacred calendar, or tzolkin. Almanacs usually begin with a column of day signs, often with a numerical coefficient above, and vertical intra-almanac sections are separated by calendric intervals or distance numbers." These calendric, or time, intervals are the red numbers, and the distance numbers are black.

(Aveni, Literature, pp. 12, 102-103, 118)

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