A Catalogue of Quechua Stars and Constellations


Name

Translation

Provenience

Identification

Remarks

+* 1.Alto piña ch'aska

"star which is already high"
[i.e., in the zenith]

Sonqo
Yucay

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

A star or planet in the "zenith" at
midnight.

+ 2.Boleadora

(Sp.) a lasso with three balls at the end; also a "thief"

Misiminay

Shooting stars

-

+ 3.Ch'aska plata

"silver star"

Misminay

Shooting stars

-

+ 4.Ch'issin ch'aska

"evening star"

Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay
Quispihuara

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

The evening star.

? 5.Coscotoca ch'aska

"star of the two equal parts"

Sonqo

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

A star or planet in the "zenith" at
midnight.

? 6.Hatun Coyllur

"large star"

Sonqo

Sirius

This may be a generic term,
equivalent to our "1st magnitude."

+ 7.Illarimi ch'aska

"dawn star"

Sonqo
Yucay
Quispihuara

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

Morning star.

+ 8.Locero

(Sp.) "morning star"; Venus

Sonqo
Yucay
Lucre

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

In Yucay, one informant talked of
pachaypaqa locero ("dawn morning
star"); an informant in Lucre called both
the morning and evening stars "locero ".

+ 9.Pachapacariq ch'aska

"dawn of the earth/
time star," "morning star"

Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

One Sonqo informant re-referred to
pachaillarimi ch'aska ("dawn
of the earth star").

?10.Torito

(Sp.) "little bull"

Misminay

Various 1st and 2nd
magnitude stars and a planet

A star or planet in the "zenith" at
midnight; torito is also the name
of the "rhinoceros beetle" (Dynastinae).

*Symbols in this column indicate the degree to which confidence in the reliability of the data is justified: +=confident; ?=questionable; -=not confident.

From Josh Marcy's, Topher Wilkins' and Adam Tarnoff's ID1 paper.