A Catalogue of Quechua Stars and Constellations

Dark and Light Cloud Constellations

Dark Cloud Constellations

NameTranslationProvenienceIdentificationRemarks
+*35.Atoq "fox" Misminay Dark spot between the tail of Scorpio and Sagittarius -
?36.Contor "condor" Misminay Dark spot perhaps in the area of Scorpio no.17.
+37.Hanp'atu "toad" Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay
Lucre
Quispihuara
(a) small dark spot SW of the Southern Cross

(b) the Coalsack, a dark spot SE of the Southern Cross

(c) dark spot outlined by the tail of Scorpio

Cf. no. 13 and 48.
+38.Hatun llamaytoq "the great, large llama" Misminay Dark streak between the Coalsack and epsilon Scorpii Hatun llamaytoq= Llama (cf. no.40).
-39.K'olli ? Sonqo Unidentified small dark spot -
+40.Llama llama Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay
Lucre
Quispihuara
Large dark streak between the Coalsack and epsilon Scorpii -
+41.Mach'acuay "serpent" Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay
(a) large S-shaped dark streak between Adhara and the Southern Cross

(b) dark streak from alpha Centauri south and curving up to theta Scorpii

Cf. no. 42b.
+42.Mayu "river" Misminay
Sonqo
Lucre
Yucay
Quispihuara
(a) the Milky Way

(b) one informant said that the Mayu is the large S-shaped black streak between Adhara and the Southern Cross

-
?43.Ombligo de la llama (Sp.) "umbilicus of the llama" Chumbivilcas The narrow, curving dark streak from alpha Centauri south and curving up to theta Scorpii Cf. no. 41b and no. 45 (located beneath the Llama).
-44.Sullu ullucu "aborted ullucu" Sonqo ? Ullucu = Ullucus tuberosus, a high-altitude tuber; informant associated it with Mach'acuay, no. 41.
+45.Uñallamacha "suckling baby llama" Misminay The narrow curving dark streak from alpha Centauri south and curving up to theta Scorpii Cf. no. 41b and no.43 (located beneath the Llama).
+46.Urpi (Sp.) "dove" Yucay Coalsack Urpi = yutu ("tinamou." cf. no. 47).
+47.Yutu "tinamou" Misminay
Sonqo
Yucay
Lucre
Quispihuara
(a) Coalsack (SE of Southern Cross)

(b) dark spot outlined by the tail of Scorpio

(c) dark spot near Scutum

no. 46 one informant referred to the Coalsack as yutucha ("little tinamou").

Light Cloud Constellations

NameTranslationProvenienceIdentificationRemarks
?48.Hanp'atu "toad" Sonqo Bright nebulosity in the "curve" of Scorpio (i.e., between the head and the tail of Scorpio) The informant was uncertain as to whether Hanp'atu is this "light cloud" or if it is the dark cloud of 37c.
?49.Mama Rosario "Mother Rosary" Misminay Unidentified bright nebulosity in the Milky Way -
+50.Posuqu "foam" Misminay Bright stellar clouds in the southern Milky Way Represents the "foam" of the collision of the two celestial rivers.

*Symbols in this column indicate the degree to which confidence in the reliability of the data is justified: +=confident; ?=questionable; -=not confident.

From Josh Marcy's, Topher Wilkins' and Adam Tarnoff's ID1 paper.