A Guide To
Ancient Near Eastern Astronomy

[AN= Heaven, Sky.gif]

AN= shamû= Heaven, Sky

The Web is rapidly becoming a valuable resource for information about the ancient Near East. Conspicuously absent from this, however, has been a site devoted to Mesopotamian astronomy. This guide means to contribute to the information becoming available online by filling that void and providing a resource for all those who wish to learn more about the history of astronomy.

The Guide is best viewed with Netscape.

On We Go...

[AN-u2.gif] Index:

  1. Introduction
  2. General Survey
  3. The Astronomers
  4. Non-Mathematical Astronomy
    1. Primary Sources
    2. Star Catalogue
    3. Origins of Constellations
    4. Constellations and Seasonal Significance
  5. Calendars
    1. Ur
  6. Mathematical Astronomy
  7. Astronomy in Society
    1. Religion
    2. Politics
  8. Astronomy in Literature
  9. Astronomy in Art
    1. Royal Art
    2. Cylinder Seals
  10. The Spread of Astronomy
  11. Bibliography
  12. Abbreviations
  13. Related Links

Caution! This site is brand new and very much under construction. Watch out for falling links!

This guide will continue to grow as my knowledge and understanding of the subject continues to grow. If I've omitted anything important, made some glaring mistake, or if you'd just like to comment, feel free to bring it to my attention! If your browser doesn't support forms, however, go ahead and mail me directly.

[AN-u2.gif] Related Links:

Babylonian and Egyptian Mathematics
A site that deals with the early history of mathematics. It discusses, among other things, the base 60 number system employed by the Babylonians, and the table of reciprocals used in calculations.

History of Mathematics
An excellent resource for finding all you ever wanted to know about the history of math. Included in this are links to the works of Aristotle online.

History of Astronomy
Brought to you by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy.

Greek Astronomy
Overview of Greek astronomy with an emphasis on Ptolemy. Part of the Library of Congress Vatican Exhibit.

The Art of Reniassance Science
An interesting site that includes an overview of Galileo's life and work.

Astrology and Judaism in Late Antiquity
An essay by Lester J. Ness. Includes a discussion of Mesopotamian astrology and an extensive and informative bibliography.

Resource Guide to the History of Astrology
A guide to literature on the history of astrology. Also courtesy of Ness.

The definitive database of ancient Near Eastern resources on the Web.

Akkadian Language Server
Everything you ever wanted to know about cuneiform. This is where I got this [AN-u2.gif] AN-u2 icon. It did, in fact, make my day.

Go Back to the Index

Thanks for stopping by. I hope you enjoy everything here as much as I enjoy presenting it to you. The Guide is ever expanding, so feel free to come back and see what's new. Once again, your contributions are humbly re quested and enthusiastically accepted. I urge you to send me your ideas and corrections.

I'd also like to thank Professor Denise Schmandt-Besserat for her continuing guidance, support, and enthusiasm. Her knowledge and insight have, without question, been my most valuable resource.


[scorpion with star and moon] ina amat Anu u Antu lishlim
"According to the command of Anu and Antu, may it go well"

Comments Are Very Welcome

[blue ribbon for free speech on the net] Hope Anthony
Created: July 16, 1995
Last Updated: February 10, 1996

Since February 12, 1996